A Term of the Supreme Court begins, by statute, on the first Monday in October.
Usually Court sessions continue until late June or early July. The Term is divided between
"sittings," when the Justices hear cases and deliver opinions, and intervening "recesses,"
when they consider the business before the Court and write opinions. Sittings and recesses
alternate at approximately two-week intervals.
With rare exceptions, each side is allowed 30 minutes argument and up to 24 cases
may be argued at one sitting. Since the majority of cases involve the review of a decision of
some other court, there is no jury and no witnesses are heard. For each case, the Court has
before it a record of prior proceedings and printed briefs containing the arguments of each
During the intervening recess period, the Justices study the argued and forthcoming
cases and work on their opinions. Each week the Justices must also evaluate more than
130 petitions seeking review of judgments of state and federal courts to determine which
cases are to be granted full review with oral arguments by attorneys.
When the Court is sitting, public sessions begin promptly at 10 a.m. and continue until
3 p.m., with a one-hour lunch recess starting at noon. No public sessions are held on
Thursdays or Fridays. On Fridays during and preceding argument weeks, the Justices
meet to discuss the argued cases and to discuss and vote on petitions for review.
When the Court is in session, the 10 a.m. entrance of the Justices into the Courtroom
is announced by the Marshal. Those present, at the sound of the gavel, arise and remain
standing until the robed Justices are seated following the traditional chant: "The Honorable,
the Chief Justice and the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United
States. Oyez! Oyez! Oyez! All persons having business before the Honorable, the Supreme
Court of the United States, are admonished to draw near and give their attention, for the
Court is now sitting. God save the United States and this Honorable Court!"
Prior to hearing oral argument, other business of the Court is transacted. On Monday
mornings this includes the release of an Order List, a public report of Court actions including
the acceptance and rejection of cases, and the admission of new members to the
Court Bar. Opinions are typically released on Tuesday and Wednesday mornings and on
the third Monday of each sitting, when the Court takes the Bench but no arguments are
The Court maintains this schedule each Term until all cases ready for submission have
been heard and decided. In May and June the Court sits only to announce orders and
opinions. The Court recesses at the end of June, but the work of the Justices is unceasing.
During the summer they continue to analyze new petitions for review, consider motions and
applications, and must make preparations for cases scheduled for fall argument.